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A

ACCELERANDO - (accel.) graudally faster

Accelerando Example

ACCENT - ( > ) perform a note louder and with emphasis See Articulation
ACCIDENTAL - flat, sharp or natural sign that appears within a piece of music but does not appear in the key signature

Accidental Tutorial

ADAGIO - slow tempo

Adagio Example

ALLEGRO - fast, quick and lively tempo

Allegro Example

ANDANTE - moderatly slow tempo

Andante Example

ARTICULATION- the manner in which a note is performed tempo
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B

BAR LINE - the lines which corss the staff and divide into measures or bars

Music Staff Tutorial

BASS CLEF - (F Clef) clef used for notes in lower pitch ranges

Bass Clef Tutorial

bass clef
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C

CLEF - a sign that helps organize the staff so notes can be easily read
CODA - the concluding passage of a piece of or movement, typically forming an addition to the basic structure
coda sign
CRESCENDO - gradually louder See Dynamics

Crescendo Example

Gcrescendo
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D

DA CAPO D.C. - repeat from the beginning

DC al CODA Tutorial

-->
D.C. al CODA - repeat from the beginning and play to the coda

DC al Coda Tutorial

D.C. al FINE - repeat from the beginning and play ot the fine

DC al Fine Tutorial

DECRESCENDO - (decresc.) gradually softer
decrescendo
DIMINUENDO - (dim.) gradually softer
D.S. DAL SEGNO - repeat from the sign
ds al coda
D.S. AL CODA - repeat from the sign and play to the coda

DS AL CODA Tutorial

D.S. AL FINE - repeat from the sign and play to the fine

DS AL FINEd Tutorial

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E

EIGHTH NOTE - this note in 4/4 time recieves half a beat

Note & Values Tutorial

eighth note
EIGHTH REST - this rest in 4/4 time recieves half a beat

Note & Values Tutorial

eighth rest
ENHARMONICS - two notes that sound the same but are written differently

Accidentals and Semitones Tutorial

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F

FERMATA - hold the note for longer that its normal value
fermata
FINE - the end
FIRST & SECOND ENDINGS - play through the 1st ending to the repeat sign, then go back to the beginning. When repeating, skip the 1st ending and play the second.
first and second endings
FLAT - lowers the pitch by one half step
fermata
FORTE - loud and full
fermata
FORTISSIMO - very loud and full
fermata
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G

GRAND STAFF - the treble and bass staff connected by a brace and a line
fermata
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H

HALF NOTE - the treble and bass staff connected by a brace and a line
fermata
HALF REST - the treble and bass staff connected by a brace and a line
fermata
HALF STEP - the treble and bass staff connected by a brace and a line

Accidentals and Semitones Tutorial

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I

...

J

...

K

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L

LARGO - very slowly

Largo Example

LEDGER LINE - short lines which are added to extend the range of the staff when the notes are too low or too high to be written on it
LEGATO - to play or sing 2 or more notes smoothly/connected
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M

MEASURE - the area between two bar lines
fermata
MEZZO FORTE - moderatly loud
fermata
MEZZO PIANO - moderatly soft
fermata
MODERATO - moderatly
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N

NATURAL - the natrual sign before a note cancels a previous flat or sharp
fermata
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O

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P

PIANISSIMO - very soft
fermata
PIANO - soft
fermata
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Q

QUARTER NOTE - a note that recieves 1 beat in 4/4 time
fermata
QUARTER REST - recieves 1 beat of restin 4/4 time
fermata
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R

REPEAT SIGN - return to the beginning or the previous repeat sign
fermata
RITARDANDO - (ritard. or rit.) gradually slower
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S

SFORZANDO - (sf or sfz) a sudden strong accent
SHARP - raises the pitch by one half step
fermata
SLUR - smoothly connects two or more notes of different pitches by a curved line over or under the notes
fermata
STACCATO - perform the note short and detached
fermata
STAFF- the five lines and the four spaces between them on which music and other symbols are written
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T

TEMPO - a word meaning "rate of speed", how fast or slow to play the music.
TENUTO - hold the note for its full value
fermata
TIE - two notes of the same pitch joined by a curved line over or under the note. Each note joined by a tie is held for its full value but only the first note is play or sung
fermata
TIME SIGNATURE - appears at the beginning of the music after the clef sign. It contains two numbers. The upper number tells how many beats are in each measure; the lower number indicates what type of note recieves 1 beat.
TREBLE CLEF - G Clef the clef used for notes in the higher pitch ranges
fermata
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U

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V

VIVACE - lively and fast
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W

WHOLE NOTE - the treble and bass staff connected by a brace and a line
fermata
WHOLE REST - the treble and bass staff connected by a brace and a line
fermata
WHOLE STEP - equals two half steps or two semitones

Accidentals and Semitones Tutorial

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X

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Y

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Z

THE NEXT STEP: BAND METHOD

Last updated 6/24/2020